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Literature

The Infinite [Giacomo Leopardi]

L’infinito, Giacomo Leopardi, translated by Frederick Townsend   This lonely hill to me was ever dear,  This hedge, which shuts from view so large a part  Of the remote horizon. As I sit  And gaze, absorbed, I in my thought conceive  The boundless spaces that beyond it range,  The silence supernatural, and rest  Profound; and for a moment I am calm.  And as I listen […]

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Antistrophe

The antistrophe (from the Greek ἀντιστροφή, antí, “against,” and strophē, “turned of the chorus”), in Greek metrics, is the second part of the rhythmic system proper to Hellenic choral lyric poetry, which is called the Doric triad: it is the portion of an ode, sung by the chorus in a movement from west to east, as a

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Antithesis

An antithesis (from the Greek ἀντίϑεσις) is a rhetorical figure consisting of a juxtaposition of opposing words or concepts, which acquire greater prominence from their proximity and mostly symmetrical arrangement. It can be obtained either by affirming one thing and denying together its opposite. In logic, on the other hand, an antithesis is a thesis that contradicts

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Prose

The prose is a form of linguistic expression, characterized by the continuity of syntactic periods and not subject to the rules of writing in verse. The term prose is also used to refer to a theatrical genre. The concept of prose must be considered in opposition to that of poetry: in fact, it indicates a structure that does

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Amphibology

Amphibology (from the Greek amphibolìa and lògos, “speech placed around”) is a rhetorical figure that consists of an utterance that can be interpreted in two different ways, either by the ambiguity of a word, or by a particular syntactic construction. An example of amphibology is in the statement “I can lift a man with one hand”:

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Poetry

Poetry (from the Greek ποίησις, poiesis, with the meaning of “creation”) is a form of literary art that creates, with the choice and combination of words according to particular metric laws (which cannot be ignored by the author), a composition made of phrases called verses, in which the semantic meaning is linked to the musical sound of phonemes.

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Literature

The literature of a certain language is the set of written works and received up to the present. This definition is by no means a foregone conclusion and must be clarified in several respects. On the one hand, the definitions that have been given of the term, sensitive to different ideologies, world views, political or philosophical sensibilities,

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Naturalism

Naturalism is a term common to currents of thought that consider nature, in all its aspects, not only as a fundamental object of philosophical reflection, but also, and above all, as a decisive and absolute point of reference with regard to the life and interests of humanity. Therefore the term naturalism can refer for example to:

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Humanism

Humanism was a cultural movement, inspired by Francesco Petrarca and in part by Giovanni Boccaccio, aimed at the rediscovery of the Latin and Greek classics in their historicity and no longer in their allegorical interpretation, thus also inserting customs and beliefs of antiquity in their everyday life through which to start a “rebirth” of European culture

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To Italy [Giacomo Leopardi]

All’Italia, Giacomo Leopardi, translated by Frederick Townsend, 1818 My country, I the walls, the arches see,The columns, statues, and the towersDeserted, of our ancestors;But, ah, the glory I do not behold,The laurel and the sword, that gracedOur sires of old.Now, all unarmed, a naked brow,A naked breast dost thou display.Ah, me, how many wounds, what stains of

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Drama

Drama (from the Greek δρᾶμα, “drama” = action, history) is literature intended for performance. The form is often combined with music and dance, as in opera and musical theatre, or on radio or television. In the broadest sense it is a narrative plot completed and intended for theatrical performance. It can be in written verbal form

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Semiotics

Semiotics (from the Greek word σημεῖον semeion, meaning “sign”) is the discipline that studies signs and how they make sense (signification). A sign is generally something that refers to something else (for medieval philosophers aliquid stat pro aliquo), and semiotics is the discipline that studies the phenomena of signification. Signification means any relation that links

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Codicology

Codicology is the discipline that studies ancient and medieval, and to some extent humanist and Renaissance manuscript books. It studies the material aspects of these records, from the point of view of substance and quality, the historical aspects, i.e. how these materials have changed over time, and finally the craftsmanship aspects, i.e. what techniques and

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Communication

In human and social sciences, communication (from Latin communicatio, der. from XIV century noun comunicare, “to share”) is defined as the process of transferring information from one system, called the sender (people, animals, machines, or groups of such) to another, called the recipient. The information is contained in a signal, which is transferred through a

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Encyclopedia (encyclopaedia)

An encyclopedia or encyclopaedia (British English) is a reference work providing a collection of summaries of knowledge concerning the whole field of human knowledge or a specific area of ​​it, generally arranged in alphabetical order. Below it will be analyzed the historical, social, and above all cultural context of production and diffusion of the Encyclopaedia

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Sensationalism

Sensationalism (from 17th-century Latin sensatio, der. from ancient Latin sensus, “sense”) is the tendency to give exaggerated emphasis to certain news in order to arouse the interest of readers and public opinion. See also: Empiricism vs Sensationalism vs Materialism. It is a type of editorial tactic in the mass media and a style of news

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