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Voicing is whether the vocal folds vibrate or not. The sound /s/ is called voiceless because there is no vibration, and the sound /z/ is called voiced because the vocal folds do vibrate (you can feel on your neck if there is vibration.) Only three sounds in English have aspiration, the sounds /b/, /p/ and /t/. An extra puff of air […]

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Vowels are produced by a continuous airstream and all are voiced (at least in English – Japanese does have voiceless vowels, however). They are classified according to height of the tongue, part of tongue involved, and position of the lips. The tongue can be high, mid, or low; and the part of the tongue used

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The lexicon is a catalogue of words and terms that are stored in a speaker’s mind. The lexicon consists of words and bound morphemes, which are parts of words that can’t stand alone, like affixes. In some analyses, compound words and certain classes of idiomatic expressions and other collocations are also considered to be part of the

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Linguistics is the scientific study of language; is concerned with the nature of language and communication. It deals both with the study of particular languages, and the search for general properties common to all languages or large groups of languages. It includes the following subareas: It also includes explorations into the nature of language variation (i.

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In articulatory phonetics, a consonant is a speech sound that is articulated with complete or partial closure of the vocal tract. Consonants are produced as air from the lungs is pushed through the glottis (the opening between the vocal cords) and out the mouth. They are classified according to voicing, aspiration, nasal/oral sounds, places of articulation and manners of articulation.

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The climax (from the Greek klímax, feminine, singular, “scale”, pronounced: “clìmacs”), also called ascending gradation (gradatio in Latin), is a rhetorical figure that consists in arranging several elements of speech according to an order based on the increasing intensity of their meaning (ascending climax) to create an effect of progression that enhances the expressiveness of the speech.

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Phonetics (from the Greek φωνή (phōnḗ), “sound” or “voice”) is the study of speech sounds. The science of phonetics aims to describe all the sounds of all the world’s languages. There are three types of the study of the sounds of language: The linguistic aspect is proper to the phonetics called functional phonetics, sometimes called phonemic;

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In linguistics, etymology (from the Greek ἔτυμος, étymos, “intimate meaning of the word,” and λόγος, lógos, “study”) is the study of the origin and history of words, their phonetic, morphological, and semantic evolution. The interest in the interpretation and explanation of words is found, albeit in different forms, among all peoples since ancient times. Already in the

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Amphibology (from the Greek amphibolìa and lògos, “speech placed around”) is a rhetorical figure that consists of an utterance that can be interpreted in two different ways, either by the ambiguity of a word, or by a particular syntactic construction. An example of amphibology is in the statement “I can lift a man with one hand”:

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Neurolinguistics is the study of the structures in the human brain that underlie grammar and communication. Researchers are drawn to the field from a variety of backgrounds, bringing along a variety of experimental techniques as well as widely varying theoretical perspectives. Much work in neurolinguistics is informed by models in psycholinguistics and theoretical linguistics, and is

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Semantics (from Ancient Greek: σημαντικός sēmantikós, “significant”) is that part of linguistics that studies the meaning of words (lexical semantics), of sets of individual letters (in and ancient alphabets) and sentences (phrasal semantics), and of texts. In linguistics, it was introduced in 1883 by M. Bréal to designate the until then neglected study of “the laws

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Language is a form of communication between two or more individuals by means of a determined complex of sounds, gestures, symbols, and movements endowed with meaning, which define a language common to a specific environment of interaction. Language is a complex physiological activity that requires, on the one hand, the integrity of the sensory pathways and,

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