Social Sciences

Clinical disorders

Obsessive-compulsive disorders OCD is a disorder with a wide range of clinical manifestations. Although people who receive this diagnosis may present with seemingly different thoughts and behaviors, they share the basic mechanism: the interplay of obsessions and compulsions. Anxiety disorders Mood disorders Eating disorders Eating disorders are disorders manifested by changes in eating behavior. The […]

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Dysthymia

Dysthymia, defined in the DSM-5 as persistent depressive disorder, is a mood disorder that falls within the depressive disorders. Dysthymia is a disorder characterized by chronic mood swings, but unlike major depression, it is characterized by a lower intensity of symptoms. It involves impairment in social relationships and often in work activity. Dysthymia is a

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Cyclothymia

Cyclothymia (or cyclothymic disorder) is a bipolar disorder. The etymology of the word is Greek, derived from kyklos “circle” and thymos “mood. The word cyclothymia is used to describe the emotional swings that characterize this mood disorder. It is characterized by alternating periods of hypomania and periods of mild depression. During hypomanic periods, the person

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Claustrophobia

Claustrophobia is a morbid and irrational fear of enclosed and confined spaces. This anxious manifestation is often the result of a traumatic experience associated with the memory of a confined environment. The term claustrophobia is derived from the Latin claustrum, meaning enclosed place, and the Greek phobia, meaning fear. When pervasive, persistent and limiting, claustrophobia

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Agoraphobia

The term agoraphobia is derived from the Greek word agora, meaning place; in fact, the earliest uses of the word in psychology and psychiatry were for people who were afraid of being in crowded places. In fact, patients with symptoms of agoraphobia fear situations where it is difficult to escape or get help. Consequently, they

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Panic attack

Panic attacks (also called panic crises) are episodes of sudden, intense fear or rapid escalation of normally present anxiety. They are accompanied by both somatic and cognitive symptoms. For example, heart palpitations, sudden sweating, shaking, choking, chest pain, nausea, dizziness, fear of dying or going crazy, chills or hot flashes. Those who have experienced panic

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Major depressive disorder

Major depressive disorder, also known as endogenous depression or unipolar depression, is a mood disorder characterized by symptoms such as: profound sadness, decreased vital drive, loss of interest in normal activities, negative and pessimistic thoughts, disturbances in cognitive function, and vegetative symptoms such as altered sleep and appetite (Otte et al., 2016). It is a

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Obsessive compulsive relationship disorder

OCD is a disorder characterized by a variety of obsessive themes, such as fear of contamination or fear of harming oneself or others. Relationship obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), in particular, has symptoms centered on the domain of intimate relationships, an issue that has received increasing research attention in recent years (Doron, Derby, Szepsenwol, 2014). Symptoms

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Postpartum obsessive compulsive disorder

Pregnancy and the postpartum period are associated with an increased risk of developing or worsening obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms. In general, obsessive thoughts refer to the intense fear of accidentally or intentionally harming the baby, resulting in compulsive monitoring behaviors to ensure that the newborn is well, rituals such as compulsive prayers, or seeking reassurance

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Mental contamination

The concept of mental contamination, originally studied in the context of the psychological consequences of sexual abuse (Fairbrother & Rachman, 2004), was quickly extended to OCD, specifically fear of contamination and related washing/cleaning rituals, and has become an important line of research. What is contamination anxiety? Rachman (2004) defined fear of contamination as an intense

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Trichotillomania

Trichotillomania is a disorder characterized by the compulsive need to pull and play with hair and body hair. Plucking eyelashes or eyebrows is also part of this disorder. There may also be repeated attempts to reduce or stop the plucking, and significant work, social, and interpersonal discomfort or dysfunction due to the symptom. Although it

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Compulsive hoarding disorder [disposophobia]

In disposophobia (compulsive hoarding disorder or pathological accumulation), the subject always has great difficulty disposing of or getting rid of objects, which end up accumulating and invading the environments in which he or she lives, to the point of making them uninhabitable. The need to acquire – without using or discarding – these possessions leads

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