Applied physics

The research area of applied physics brings together many expertise, groups, and application areas. Experimental activity focuses primarily on research and development of advanced methods and technologies, targeting both new experimental approaches to fundamental investigation and applications. The activity of the area can be divided into four main parts:

  1. use of diagnostic tools for the investigation of natural and artificial environments, including the investigation of climate and pollutants in the atmosphere and the use of physical methods for the investigation of cultural heritage;
  2. development of advanced diagnostic tools. A significant part of the area’s activity is dedicated to the development of diagnostic instruments such as medical tests and biosensors for biomedical, agro-food and environmental diagnosis, photocathodes for radiofrequency electron guns, amplifiers and preamplifiers for radiation detection;
  3. development of advanced electronic and microelectronic circuits, technologies, instruments and systems, including analog and digital electronics that are radiation resistant, cryogenic, high radio purity and compatible with vacuum systems;
  4. development of advanced optical instrumentation for the investigation of materials in space.

It usually differs from engineering in that applied physics cannot lead directly to the design of something in particular, but rather using physics or research conducted in this field can lead to the development of new technologies or the solving of problems unique to engineering. This method is similar to the applications of applied mathematics.

In other words, applied physics is based on the fundamental truths and most important concepts of the physical sciences, but mainly interested in the application of these scientific principles in practical systems. Applied physics has very broad fields of research; for example, there are many people working in research concerning accelerator physics so that better and better particle accelerators can be built that are useful in the research fields of theoretical physics.

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