Plotinus (Ancient Greek: Πλωτῖνος, Plōtînos; Lycopolis, 203/205 – Campania, 270) was a Roman philosopher. He is considered one of the most important philosophers of antiquity, heir of Plato and father of Neoplatonism, which is sometimes identified in toto with his thought.

Most biographical information about him comes from the Life of Plotinus, written by Porphyry as a preface to the Enneads, Plotinus’ only writings, which have inspired pagan, Christian, Jewish, Muslim, and Gnostic theologians, mystics, and metaphysicians for centuries.

A reincarnationist philosopher and disciple of Ammonius Saccas, Plotinus elaborated the doctrine of emanationist monism, a necessary and eternal non-creationist process in which each of the three hypostases brings into being the one below it: One, Nous, the Universal Soul, which generates the particular souls associated with matter.

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