Humanities

Relief printing

The relief printing process is a family of printing methods where a printing block, plate, or matrix that has had ink applied to its surface, but not to any recessed areas, is brought into contact with the paper. The relief is the positive image and represents the printing surface. The areas of the printing plate […]

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Printmaking

Printmaking is an artistic process based on the principle of transferring images from a matrix onto another surface, most often paper or fabric, parchment, plastic, or other support, by various techniques of multiplication, under the direct supervision of or by the hand of the artist. Traditional printmaking techniques include woodcut, etching, engraving, and lithography, while modern

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Music

Music (from the Greek noun μουσική, mousike; “art of the Muses”) is an art form of conceiving and producing, through the use of special instruments or the voice, an organized succession of sounds that are pleasant to the ear. More technically, music consists of the organization of sounds, noises, and silences over time and space.

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Lithography

Lithography is a planographic printmaking process invented in 1798 by Alois Senefelder and based on the chemical repulsion of oil and water, in which a design is drawn onto a flat stone (or prepared metal plate, usually zinc or aluminum) and affixed by means of a chemical reaction. A porous surface, normally limestone, is used; the image is

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Etching

The etching is an intaglio printmaking process in which lines or areas are incised using acid into a metal plate in order to hold the ink. In etching, the plate can be made of iron, copper, or zinc. Although the first dated etching is by Albrecht Dürer in 1515, the process is believed to have been invented by Daniel

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Engraving

Engraving is an intaglio printmaking process in which lines are cut into a metal plate in order to hold the ink. The process was developed in Germany in the 1430s from the engraving used by goldsmiths to decorate metalwork. Engravers use a hardened steel tool called a burin to cut the design into the surface of a metal

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Art

Art, in its broadest sense, includes every human activity – performed individually or collectively – which leads to forms of creativity and aesthetic expression, relying on technical devices, innate or acquired skills and behavioral rules deriving from study and experience. Therefore art is a language, that is, the ability to transmit emotions and messages. However,

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Alabastron

An alabastron /ˌæləˈbæstrən, -ˌtrɒn/ or alabastrum /ˌæləˈbæstrəm/ (plural: alabastra or alabastrons; from Greek ἀλάβαστρον) is a type of vessel used in the ancient world for storing oils, perfumes, or massage oils. The alabastron has ancient and certainly pre-Greek origins; it takes its name from the material (alabaster) with which it was originally made by the

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Materialism

materialism

Materialism is the usually monistic philosophical view that the only reality that can truly be said to exist is matter and all that results from its continuous transformation. This means that all things are fundamentally and essentially material; that is, the foundation and substance of reality is material. See also: Empiricism vs Sensationalism vs Materialism.

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Empiricism

Empiricism (from Latin empiricus, der. from Greek ἐμπειρία, empeirìa, “experience”), is the philosophical movement that arose in England in the second half of the seventeenth century, according to which human knowledge is derived exclusively from the senses or from experience. See also: Empiricism vs. Sensationalism vs Materialism. It is opposed to “innatism” and “rationalism”, which

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Empiricism vs Sensationalism vs Materialism

A fundamental part of the history of philosophy and science, or rather the history of Western culture, is certainly constituted by three philosophical currents that developed especially between the 17th and 18th centuries in France and England: Sensationalism, Empiricism, and Materialism. At first, they were presented as theories of knowledge/understanding, that is, of esprit (the

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Sensationalism

Sensationalism (from 17th-century Latin sensatio, der. from ancient Latin sensus, “sense”) is the tendency to give exaggerated emphasis to certain news in order to arouse the interest of readers and public opinion. See also: Empiricism vs Sensationalism vs Materialism. It is a type of editorial tactic in the mass media and a style of news

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