International Phonetic Alphabet [IPA]

The international phonetic alphabet (IPA) is a unique code for representing the phonetic sounds of all the languages of the world. Each unique symbol corresponds to a phonetic sound. This “tool” was born in 1888 on the initiative of French and English teachers, and changed its name several times. The IPA alphabet has been revised in 1949, 1979, 1989, 1996 and finally in 2005.

The function of the IPA is to “transcribe” and represent words phonetically: those who can read the phonetic alphabet can correctly read every word of every language.

The basis of the phonetic alphabet is the Latin alphabet, but some symbols are taken from the Greek alphabet. Alongside the traditional alphabetic symbols, there are symbols invented specifically to represent specific sounds. In addition, there are various diacritical marks, which are graphic signs that allow you to refine the encoding and achieve a high degree of accuracy.

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