Immanuel Kant

Immanuel Kant (Königsberg, April 22, 1724 – Königsberg, February 12, 1804) was a German philosopher.

Considered one of the most important figures in the history of philosophy, he was the most significant exponent of the German Enlightenment, anticipating the basic elements of idealist philosophy and much of later philosophy. Kant conceived of his own philosophy as a philosophical revolution (or “Copernican revolution”) aimed at overcoming the metaphysical dogmatism that, for Kant, characterized earlier thought and taking on the characteristics of a critical inquiry into the conditions of knowledge.

Although many elements peculiar to Kant’s transcendental idealism have been the subject of considerable criticism over time, especially of a logical nature (Brentano, Boole, Frege, Russell, Wittgenstein, Kripke), and although one of the pillars of his critical philosophy, namely the idealism of the concepts of space and time, has been rejected outright by many exponents of contemporary physics (Einstein and his students), Kant remains a fundamental thinker for the understanding of modern philosophy, of which he is considered by critics to be one of the founding figures; The important relationship between Kantian philosophy and Romanticism has also been emphasized.

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