Comparative history

Comparative history is a discipline that seeks to provide general descriptions, explanations, and interpretations of historical facts and processes by analyzing the similarities and differences between two or more historical phenomena.

With the emergence of the comparative method, autonomous disciplines such as comparative anatomy, comparative law, comparative literature, and comparative linguistics have been established, while for other fields of knowledge there are doubts as to whether this is possible: for example, for history, which, according to some historicist theories, is characterized by the absolute novelty and unrepeatability of its constituent phenomena and does not allow for similar comparisons.

If, on the other hand, it is believed that history, too, can take on scientific characteristics, as some claim, then the comparative method can be usefully applied to it, in order to derive from the similarity of the historical phenomena to be compared a regularity expressed in laws of a general nature.

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