Humanities

Voicing

Voicing is whether the vocal folds vibrate or not. The sound /s/ is called voiceless because there is no vibration, and the sound /z/ is called voiced because the vocal folds do vibrate (you can feel on your neck if there is vibration.) Only three sounds in English have aspiration, the sounds /b/, /p/ and /t/. An extra puff of air […]

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Vowel

Vowels are produced by a continuous airstream and all are voiced (at least in English – Japanese does have voiceless vowels, however). They are classified according to height of the tongue, part of tongue involved, and position of the lips. The tongue can be high, mid, or low; and the part of the tongue used

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Antistrophe

The antistrophe (from the Greek ἀντιστροφή, antí, “against,” and strophē, “turned of the chorus”), in Greek metrics, is the second part of the rhythmic system proper to Hellenic choral lyric poetry, which is called the Doric triad: it is the portion of an ode, sung by the chorus in a movement from west to east, as a

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Lexicon

The lexicon is a catalogue of words and terms that are stored in a speaker’s mind. The lexicon consists of words and bound morphemes, which are parts of words that can’t stand alone, like affixes. In some analyses, compound words and certain classes of idiomatic expressions and other collocations are also considered to be part of the

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Olmecs

The mother of Mesoamerican cultures was the Olmec civilization. The Olmec civilization flourished during the Mesoamerican (pre-classical) formative period, extending approximately from 1500 BCE to 400 BCE. The Olmecs constituted the first Mesoamerican civilization and established the foundations of later cultures. The Olmec produced several major works of art, architecture, pottery, and sculpture. Most recognizable are their giant head

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Linguistics

Linguistics is the scientific study of language; is concerned with the nature of language and communication. It deals both with the study of particular languages, and the search for general properties common to all languages or large groups of languages. It includes the following subareas: It also includes explorations into the nature of language variation (i.

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Quantitative reasoning

Quantitative reasoning (QR) is defined as the habit of mind to apply data and quantitative tools to a wide range of problems in personal, professional, and public contexts. The ability to think quantitatively clearly plays a central role in undergraduate education. By one definition, quantitative reasoning (QR) is the application of basic mathematics skills, such

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Consonant

In articulatory phonetics, a consonant is a speech sound that is articulated with complete or partial closure of the vocal tract. Consonants are produced as air from the lungs is pushed through the glottis (the opening between the vocal cords) and out the mouth. They are classified according to voicing, aspiration, nasal/oral sounds, places of articulation and manners of articulation.

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Mir iskusstva

Mir iskusstva (Russian: «Мир искусства», IPA: [ˈmʲir ɪˈskustvə], World of Art) is an artistic movement founded in 1890 by a group of Russian intellectuals led by Sergei Diaghilev. The members of the group were scholars, art lovers, educated and refined, from a social background far removed from that of the Peredvizhniki, whose members came largely from

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Visual arts

The area of visual arts is extremely broad, since any artistic form that results in a visible object can be defined in this way. Other arts, such as theater, music or opera, constitute separate categories of figurative type, although the boundaries are not always well defined: see for example the body art or interactive art, or even

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Antithesis

An antithesis (from the Greek ἀντίϑεσις) is a rhetorical figure consisting of a juxtaposition of opposing words or concepts, which acquire greater prominence from their proximity and mostly symmetrical arrangement. It can be obtained either by affirming one thing and denying together its opposite. In logic, on the other hand, an antithesis is a thesis that contradicts

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Climax

The climax (from the Greek klímax, feminine, singular, “scale”, pronounced: “clìmacs”), also called ascending gradation (gradatio in Latin), is a rhetorical figure that consists in arranging several elements of speech according to an order based on the increasing intensity of their meaning (ascending climax) to create an effect of progression that enhances the expressiveness of the speech.

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Sketch [croquis]

Sketch represents the preparatory study of a small-scale model of a work of art (e.g., a painting, sculpture, fresco, monument, or architectural work) before it is finally executed. The sketch is a well-defined preparatory study, but it is distinguished by the use of color; it is in fact executed in tempera or oil on supports such

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Mesoamerica

Mesoamerica is the geographic area stretching from north of Panama up to the desert of central Mexico. Although marked by great topographic, linguistic, and cultural diversity, this region cradled several civilizations with similar characteristics. Mesoamericans were polytheistic; their gods possessed both male and female traits and demanded blood sacrifices of enemies taken in battle or ritual

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Prose

The prose is a form of linguistic expression, characterized by the continuity of syntactic periods and not subject to the rules of writing in verse. The term prose is also used to refer to a theatrical genre. The concept of prose must be considered in opposition to that of poetry: in fact, it indicates a structure that does

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Phonetics

Phonetics (from the Greek φωνή (phōnḗ), “sound” or “voice”) is the study of speech sounds. The science of phonetics aims to describe all the sounds of all the world’s languages. There are three types of the study of the sounds of language: The linguistic aspect is proper to the phonetics called functional phonetics, sometimes called phonemic;

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Etymology

In linguistics, etymology (from the Greek ἔτυμος, étymos, “intimate meaning of the word,” and λόγος, lógos, “study”) is the study of the origin and history of words, their phonetic, morphological, and semantic evolution. The interest in the interpretation and explanation of words is found, albeit in different forms, among all peoples since ancient times. Already in the

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Enlightenment

Locke’s lesson was a lesson in critical caution, and in this sense, his philosophy was interpreted by the Enlightenment. «After so much unfortunate wandering – wrote Voltaire – tired, exhausted and shameful of having sought so many truths and found so many chimeras, I returned, like the prodigal son to his father, to Locke; and

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Serigraphy [screen printing]

Serigraphy or screen printing is a permeographic printing technique that today uses a polyester fabric, steel fabric or nylon fabric stretched over an aluminum, painted metal or wood frame called a “screen printing frame” or “screen printing frame” as a matrix. The fabric used is also called “screen printing fabric” or “screen printing fabric”. The term “serigraphy” comes

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Amphibology

Amphibology (from the Greek amphibolìa and lògos, “speech placed around”) is a rhetorical figure that consists of an utterance that can be interpreted in two different ways, either by the ambiguity of a word, or by a particular syntactic construction. An example of amphibology is in the statement “I can lift a man with one hand”:

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Relief printing [embossing]

The relief printing process is a family of printing methods where a printing block, plate, or matrix that has had ink applied to its surface, but not to any recessed areas, is brought into contact with the paper. The relief is the positive image and represents the printing surface. The areas of the printing plate with ink will leave

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Pointillisme [pointillism]

Pointillisme (pointillism) was a pictorial current that emerged around 1885, baptized Neo-Impressionism by the critic F. Fénéon in 1886, the year in which G. Seurat presented La Grande-Jatte (Chicago, Art Institute) at the Salon des Indépendants. An article entitled Neo-Impressionism, in which the technical procedures and aesthetics of the movement were exposed, was also published by

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