Among the most suggestive disciplines in which computer science contributes to give a solid evolutionary contribution we find undoubtedly biorobotics, a science that is inspired by nature to generate robots capable of adapting to increasingly extreme situations.
Biorobotics is based on the disciplinary contributions of robotics, bioengineering and artificial intelligence, with specific reference to forms of intelligence different from the human one. The observation of the behavior of plants and animals inspires robotic creations both in terms of form and functional aspects.
A biorobot can, for example, be inspired by the adaptive capacity of plants, capable of modifying themselves along their path, to detect the improper release of toxic substances, intervening to reduce the threat, without putting at risk the safety of human operators.
It is not uncommon to meet biorobots whose shape is inspired by that of a particularly well-known animal, as in the case of the Silver 2 and Octopus prototypes, respectively crab and octopus robots developed by the Institute of Biorobotics of the Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna in Pisa, with the aim of exploring the seabed, as well as cleaning it of pollutants.
Robots with the appearance and behavior inspired by animals also involve other species, including snakes, widely used in the case of endoscopes and control organisms whose fundamental requirement is the ability to move effectively even in narrow and tortuous spaces.
Also singular is the contribution of robotic bees, deputed both to support insects in the pollination of flowers, and to insert themselves inside our organism to treat cancerous diseases of the intestine, rather than cleaning blood vessels from dangerous accumulations.
Other examples of biorobotics are related to prostheses and exoskeletons, inspired by the external coatings of arthropods, capable of functioning as real limbs, both enhancing the movement of legs and arms, as well as giving support to the spine, and even being governed by the brain thanks to the connections of electrodes with the nerve terminals of the human body.
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