Solid-state chemistry

  • Solid-state chemistry

    Posted by Encyclios on April 11, 2023 at 4:18 PM

    Solid-state chemistry, sometimes referred to as materials chemistry, is the study of the synthesis, structure, and properties of solid-phase materials, particularly, but not necessarily exclusively, nonmolecular solids.

    Historically, the origins of solid-state chemistry can be traced back to the use of experimental techniques to characterize minerals, leading to the birth of disciplines such as petrography and mineralogy. Subsequently, the birth of new chemical-physical investigation technologies, starting from 1940, allowed to make this discipline more detailed and articulated, and therefore to reach a more quantitative level in the description of the solid state.

    Attention is therefore focused on the study of crystalline solids and the structure of metals, described on the basis of the theory of the gas of free electrons confined in a periodic potential. The Fourier transform is a powerful mathematical tool of fundamental importance in this field. Phase diagrams and thermodynamic aspects related to the formation and stability of solid compounds are studied; the treatment of chemical reactions and catalysis in the solid phase is also important.

    In the study of solid surfaces, attention is also paid to the dynamics of redox phenomena occurring on the surface of an electrode, using the microscopic approach.

    Encyclios replied 1 month, 4 weeks ago 1 Member · 0 Replies
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